The history of Troy Athlon by Hossein Mosapour Nigjeh

Hossein Mosapour Nigjeh works as a professional triathlete. So far, he has participated in many competitions, some of which include the second place of Iranians in the 2022 Triathlon, the first place of Iranians in the Dubai Marathon in 2020, the eleventh place in the Salamon 63 km Kapalukia 2020 and…

Mr. Mosapour said: “Many, including Scott Tinley, the historian and author of “Triathlon”, consider the events of the early 20th century in France to be the beginning of triathlon or triathlon, and many multi-sport and three-element events with different combinations and names appeared. The first record for an event dates back to 1901: self-titled LesTroisSports Three Sports. It was advertised as an event for the “athletes of the time” and included a running, cycling and rowing division.

On June 19, 1921, the races became more like a standardized triathlon, and the rowing portion was replaced by swimming. According to L’Auto newspaper, the race consisted of a 3-kilometer (1.9-mile) run, a 12-kilometer (7.5-mile) bike ride and a crossing of the Marne River, all done consecutively without a break. During the 1920s other cycling, running and swimming events appeared in various cities, these multi-sport events slowly continued to expand and grow in popularity.

The first modern swim/bike/run event was held on September 25, 1974 in San Diego, California. The race was designed and directed by two members of the San Diego Track Club, Jack Johnston and Don Shanahan.

As the sport grew in popularity in the United States, it seemed inevitable that it would expand overseas. In 1980, triathlon made its way across the Atlantic to northern Europe, and the first European triathlon was held on August 30, 1980, in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia.

In September 1994, triathlon was added to the Olympic program as a medal-winning sport at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.