This right is enshrined in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is recognized in the laws of many countries. However, the degree of compliance varies from country to country. In many countries, especially those with a dominant government, censorship clearly exists.
The right of access to information and the Internet, also known as the right to bandwidth or freedom of connection, is a belief according to which all human beings should be able to access the Internet with the aim of exercising their right to freedom of expression. Countries are responsible for ensuring that the Internet is accessible, and no country has the right to restrict Internet access without reason. In many countries, access to the Internet is recognized as a right. Also, the protection of fundamental human rights has become an important principle and criterion for being a good and just government.
Internet access is one of the current issues at the international and national level, which has been discussed from various economic, cultural, social, political and legal angles. From a legal point of view, the question is whether access to the Internet is the right of individuals? If it is the right of individuals, what is its content and how can it be achieved? In order to answer the above questions, various articles have studied international sources about the basis and content of this right and have come to the conclusion that the prevailing view is that Internet access is the right of individuals, but there is disagreement about its content.
Nevertheless, the right to an Internet connection, the principle of neutrality, the right to anonymity, the right to use encryption technology and the right to secure and transparent Internet can be recognized as the main elements of this right. Also, this right is mainly formal and structural in nature. That is, it relates to the principle of Internet access, not to the content that results from access.