why dengue spikes during the monsoon; Symptoms and Treatment

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The monsoon season in Mumbai brings different kinds of diseases with it. With the rising number of dengue cases in the city, two city experts simplify the causes, symptoms and preventive methods for dengue and why people should be concerned about getting affected by it

The monsoons have finally hit Mumbai with regularity but that also means the onset of the flu season. Even as people deal with the Covid-19 pandemic, there is a general trend of increase in the number of cases of diseases such as gastroenteritis, dengue and malaria among others. While people were mostly indoors in the last two years due to the pandemic-induced lockdown, more people are travelling to work and being exposed to new places, which may be a cause for worry, especially in the case of dengue and malaria. The fact that comorbidities have seen more people succumb to Covid is another reason why people should be careful.

1: SYMPTOMS:

Requires a medical diagnosis

Symptoms include high fever, headache, rash and muscle and joint pain. In severe cases there is serious bleeding and shock, which can be life threatening.

People may experience:

Pain areas: in the abdomen, back, back of the eyes, bones, joints, or muscles

Whole body: chills, fatigue, fever, or loss of appetite

Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting

Skin: rashes or red spots

Also common: easy bruising or headache

2: TREATMENT

Treatment consists of pain medications and fluids

Treatment includes fluids and pain relievers. Severe cases require hospital care.

Supportive care

Fluid replacement, Can be self-healing, Oral rehydration therapy and IV fluids

MedicationsAnalgesic

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