The origin of architecture and its types from the past to the present, according to Helia Rad, a famous Iranian architect

We define the art of architecture. In a very simple definition, we can say that the art of architecture is the science of building design or any other space.

The art of architecture in the world was formed with the idea of building places for shelter by early humans and has undergone many changes over time. This is why so many different styles have emerged throughout history. Today, the advancement of science and technology has led to the development of architectural art in the world. But there are still many new styles in architecture that are inspired by old styles.

Some people mistakenly think that in prehistoric times there was no work of architectural art. While research and studies show that the science of architecture has been formed in prehistoric times in human life.

The relics of historical monuments from that period show the existence of architectural art thousands of years ago. This period is divided into three parts: Paleolithic, Paleolithic, and Neolithic.

The beginning of construction and the exit of humans from the caves can be considered as one of the important features of the Neolithic period. The first human settlements were made of stone, which was formed by placing a large horizontal stone on two vertical stones. The first temples and tombs are related to the Neolithic period.

Introducing the most important architectural styles in the world

Historians attribute the beginnings of architectural art to prehistoric times. Since then, various styles have emerged that the architecture of ancient Egypt, Byzantium, Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance are known as prominent examples in world architecture. In the following, we will introduce the features and characteristics of these styles.